What does a horse eat?

Was frisst ein Pferd?

Horses are wonderful animals that need a balanced diet to stay healthy. As herbivores, they primarily eat hay, grass, and grain. In this blog post you will learn what horses eat and the factors to consider when feeding horses.

hay and grass

Hay and grass are the staple foods for horses. Hay is often used as forage in stable housing, while grass is used in pasture housing. Hay and grass contain a variety of nutrients, including carbohydrates, protein, vitamins and minerals, necessary for equine growth, reproduction and overall health.


Grains such as oats, barley and corn are also an important food source for horses. They contain starch, proteins and fats that are needed for the horse's energy supply. Horses that work intensely, such as racehorses, may require larger amounts of grain to meet their energy needs.

dietary supplements

Dietary supplements can be helpful in feeding horses, especially when they are unable to adequately absorb certain nutrients from their regular feed. Some horses may have specific nutritional needs due to illness or particular circumstances. In these cases, dietary supplements can help meet the need for missing nutrients.

Water is another important part of a horse's diet. Horses need enough water every day to maintain their bodily functions and quench their thirst. A lack of water can lead to dehydration and health problems.

Factors in horse nutrition

There are many factors to consider when feeding horses such as: B. Age, weight, activity level, race and medical condition. It is important that horses receive a balanced diet to prevent malnutrition and health problems. Overfeeding can also lead to health problems, including obesity and metabolic diseases.


Horse nutrition is an important factor in their health and well-being. A balanced diet consisting of hay, grass and grain, combined with adequate water and supplements, can help horses stay healthy and happy. However, it is important to consider each horse's individual needs and choose a diet that is tailored to their specific requirements.

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