- Immune system: Zinc plays a crucial role in the functioning of the immune system. It supports the production and activation of immune cells and antibodies, which are important for fighting off pathogens and infections. Adequate zinc levels can help boost horse immunity and reduce susceptibility to disease.
- Skin and Coat Health: Zinc is important for maintaining a healthy skin and coat in horses. It plays a role in regulating sebum production, aiding in skin regeneration and may help alleviate skin problems such as eczema or dermatitis. A zinc deficiency can lead to dry skin, dandruff and a dull coat.
- Wound healing: Zinc is involved in wound healing and supports the formation of new tissue. It promotes collagen production, which is important for the formation of healthy tissue and supports the healing process of injuries, wounds or ulcers.
- Fertility: Zinc is important for fertility and hormonal regulation. It plays a role in the production of sex hormones and can affect fertility in both stallions and mares.
- Enzyme function: Zinc is a cofactor for many enzymes in the body and plays an important role in various metabolic processes. It is involved in the digestion of nutrients, energy metabolism and the synthesis of DNA and proteins.
A zinc deficiency can lead to a number of problems, including a weakened immune system, skin problems, impaired fertility and slower wound healing. A balanced diet that provides adequate levels of zinc is important and zinc supplementation may be recommended, in consultation with a veterinarian or nutritionist, to meet the horse's specific needs.